COLLEGE OF VETERINARIANS OF BRITISH COLUMBIA (CVBC)
VETERINARIANS ACT - Last updated 2010
"veterinary medicine" means the art and science of veterinary medicine, dentistry and surgery and
includes, whether or not for consideration,
(a) the diagnosis and treatment of animals for the prevention, alleviation or correction of disease,
injury, pain, defect, disorder, or other similar condition,
(b) the provision of a service prescribed by regulation of the Lieutenant Governor in Council, and
(c) the provision of advice in respect of a matter referred to in paragraph (a) or (b).
VETERINARY MEDICAL ASSOCIATION (SVMA)
THE VETERINARIANS ACT, 1987
(l) "veterinary medicine" means that branch of knowledge relating to the prevention, diagnosis and
treatment of the diseases of and injuries to animals, and includes:
(i) diagnosing, advising or prescribing a drug, medical appliance or application or treatment of
whatever nature for the prevention or treatment of a bodily injury or disease of animals;
(ii) administering a drug, medicine, appliance or other application or treatment of whatever nature
the prevention or treatment of bodily injury or disease of animals except where
medicine, appliance or application or treatment is administered by some other person at the
direction and under the direct supervision of a member;
(iii) performing a surgical operation on an animal;
(iv) the management of estrus synchronization, superovulation and the collection, evaluation and
processing of embryos;
(v) performing any manual procedures for the diagnosis of pregnancy, sterility or infertility on animals;
(vi) certifying the cause of death of an animal;
The complete Saskatchewan Veterinary Act.
Also see exclusions to this Act.
VETERINARY MEDICAL ASSOCIATION (MVMA)
Manitoba's Veterinary Medical Act
PRACTICE OF VETERINARY MEDICINE
2(1)The practice of veterinary medicine means the branch of knowledge that relates to
the health of animals and to preventing, diagnosing and treating diseases of
injures to animals.
2(2) Without restricting the generality of subsection (1), a person who does any of the following
engages in the practice of veterinary medicine within the meaning of this Act:
(a) prescribes or dispenses a drug, veterinary biologic, medicine, appliance or treatment of whatever
nature for an animal;
(b) administers a drug, veterinary biologic, medicine, appliance or treatment of whatever nature to
(c) performs a surgical operation on an animal;
(d) performs any procedure for the diagnosis of pregnancy, sterility or infertility on an animal;
(e) engages in the practice of obstetrics or ova collection or embryo transfer for animals;
(f) engages in the practice of veterinary dentistry;
(g) certifies the cause of death of an animal.
The College of Veterinarians of Ontario have also produced a "Position Statement" regarding their views on the use of Complementary Therapies. In it, they expand on the actual legislated definition of "veterinary medicine" to include more of a general statement encompassing all therapies. They also then itemize these therapies "Veterinary treatments, therapies, and/or modalities that are currently
considered complementary and/or alternative include (but are not limited to) the following: chiropractic care; physical therapy; rehabilitation therapy; massage therapy; homeopathy; acupuncture; nutraceutical therapy; and phytotherapy". (Page 1)
As with the ABVMA, the CVO also states the position that "only veterinarians have the education, knowledge, skills, and judgment to evaluate and integrate complementary and alternative veterinary medicine into a treatment plan for animals. Therefore performing alternative and complementary veterinary treatments, therapies and/or modalities on animals constitutes the practice of veterinary medicine such that these procedures may only be performed by a veterinarian or by a non-veterinarian who is directed and supervised by the veterinarian, within the context of a valid veterinarian-client-patient relationship." (Page 2)
Again this statement is NOT supported by the existing Ontario Veterinarian Act and therefore the law.
NOVA SCOTIA VETERINARY MEDICAL ASSOCIATION (NSVMA)
VETERINARY MEDICAL ACT - Last amended 2001
Interpretation: Section 2
(s) "practice of veterinary medicine" means the practice of veterinary medicine, surgery and dentistry, including the examining, diagnosing, manipulating and treating of patients for the prevention, alleviation or correction of a disease, injury, condition, deformity, defect or lesion in an animal with or without the use of any instrument, appliance, drug or biologics, and includes prescribing and dispensing medications, research, teaching and the giving of advice by electronic or any means, with respect to any of the foregoing, but does not include
(i) the furnishing, without remuneration, of first aid or temporary assistance to an animal in an emergency,
(ii) in an agricultural setting, the treatment of an animal by its owner, by a member of the owner's household or by a person regularly employed by the owner in agriculture,
(iii) the treatment of an animal by an animal-health technician or a non-member employee of a licensed member, either of whom are acting under the supervision of a member who holds a general-practice license,
(iv) the castration of calves, pigs and lambs and the caponizing of poultry,
(v) the dehorning of cattle,
(vi) the artificial insemination of any species of animal,
(vii) the non-surgical implantation of an embryo, other than the synchronization of donor and recipient animals, superovulation and the collection, evaluation and processing of embryos,
(viii) for greater certainty, the drawing of blood from animals by trained technical personnel employed by the Government of the Province or the Government of Canada,
(ix) the use of an animal in research that is carried out using acceptable veterinary procedures if the use of the animal has been approved by an animal care committee acting in accordance with the guidelines of the Canadian Council of Animal Care, at least one member of which is a licensed veterinarian,
(x) the dispensing of medicines by pharmacists pursuant to the Pharmacy Act;
NEWFOUNDLAND AND LABRADOR COLLEGE OF VETERINARIANS (NL VETCOLLEGE)
VETERINARY MEDICAL ACT
(j) "veterinary medicine" means veterinary medicine, surgery, pathology and dentistry and includes
(i) the diagnosing, prescribing, treating, manipulating and operating for the prevention, alleviation or correction of a disease, injury, pain or other similar condition in or of an animal,
(ii) the giving of advice in respect of anything mentioned in this paragraph with a view to obtaining a fee or other remuneration, and
(iii) the performance of procedures and use of equipment as may be prescribed in regulations made under section 48.
The complete Prince Edward Island Veterinarians Act.
Also see exclusions to this Act.
The complete Veterinary Profession Act for the Northwest Territories.Also see exclusions to this Act.
The complete Veterinary Profession Act for Nunavut.
Also see exclusions to this Act.